Botanical: Ficus Religiosa | Hindi: पीपल | Marathi: पिंपळ | English: Sacred Fig 


The Peepal tree, scientifically known as Ficus religiosa or the Bodhi tree, stands as a revered symbol in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Recognizable by its heart-shaped leaves and smooth, light gray bark with distinctive fissures, this deciduous tree holds cultural significance as the very tree under which Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment, becoming the Buddha. The tree’s longevity is notable, with some specimens living for centuries, embodying endurance and continuity. Often found near religious sites, the Peepal tree becomes a focal point for spiritual practices. Its aerial roots, growing from branches and reaching the ground, contribute to its picturesque quality. Beyond its spiritual role, the Peepal tree is valued for medicinal properties, with various parts used in traditional remedies. Additionally, it plays a crucial environmental role by releasing oxygen during the day and absorbing carbon dioxide at night. Culturally, the Peepal tree serves as a gathering spot under its sprawling branches. Its cultural and spiritual significance, coupled with its contribution to medicine and the environment, elevates the Peepal tree beyond a mere botanical presence, intertwining it with the history and traditions of the regions it inhabits.

Interesting Facts

Medicine and Wellness
Medicinal Uses: Various parts of the Peepal tree, including its leaves, bark, and latex, are utilized in traditional medicine. It is believed to have therapeutic properties and is used to treat ailments such as asthma, diabetes, and skin disorders in certain traditional healing practices.
Culture and Belief
Symbol of Enlightenment: The Peepal tree (Ficus religiosa) holds immense cultural and religious significance, particularly in Buddhism, as it is believed to be the tree under which Siddhartha Gautama attained enlightenment and became the Buddha. Longevity and Endurance: Some Peepal trees are known for their exceptional longevity, with certain specimens surviving for several centuries. This remarkable lifespan contributes to the tree’s symbolic representation of endurance and continuity.
Bees, Butterflies, Birds: 3Bs of healthy environment.
Environmental Impact: The Peepal tree plays a crucial role in environmental conservation. During the day, it releases oxygen through the process of photosynthesis, and uniquely, it continues to absorb carbon dioxide at night. This characteristic sets it apart as a tree with a distinctive 24-hour air purification cycle

Anandvan Trivia Quiz

Question 1: Which ancient civilization worshipped the Peepal tree?
Answer: The worship of Peepal tree was widespread during the Indus Valley Civilization. Several Indus valley seals and pots depict the Peepal tree leaf motif as well as there are scenes depicting rituals being performed in front of Peepal tree. The Peepal tree continues to be revered as sacred and is part of religious rituals in India even today by many religions. It’s botanical name ‘Ficus Religiosa‘ signifies the same.

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