Botanical name: Anogeissus pendula | Hindi: ढोक | Marathi: धावडा | English:Button tree

Anogeissus pendula


The Button Tree, known as ढोक, Kardhai, or धावडा in Hindi and Anogeissus pendula scientifically, is a resilient and adaptable tree growing up to 15 meters tall. Its distinctive leaves are small, round, and leathery, resembling buttons (hence the name). During spring, clusters of tiny, greenish-yellow flowers adorn the branches, followed by unique button-shaped fruits. These fruits, initially green, turn brown and split open at maturity, revealing a single flat seed. The bark is smooth and light grey, becoming rougher with age. Found in dry forests and scrublands, the Button Tree thrives in harsh conditions and tolerates poor soil and drought.

Interesting Facts

Medicine and Wellness
Medicinal Uses: Traditional medicine utilizes various parts of the Button Tree for their potential health benefits. Bark, leaves, and gum are attributed with astringent, antiseptic, and anti-inflammatory properties. Some believe it aids in treating wounds, diarrhea, and skin conditions. However, scientific evidence is limited, and potential side effects exist. Consulting a healthcare professional before using any part of the plant medicinally is crucial.
Bees, Butterflies, Birds: 3Bs of healthy environment.
Environmental Impact: The Button Tree plays a crucial role in its ecosystem. Its extensive root system prevents soil erosion, especially in dry and degraded lands. The dense foliage provides shade and shelter for various birds and animals. Its ability to withstand drought makes it valuable for restoring dry areas and preventing desertification. Additionally, the tree attracts pollinators, contributing to a healthy ecosystem.
Food and Culinary Use
Food & Culinary usage:  Coconut is a culinary treasure widely used in diverse cuisines globally. Its versatile components, including coconut meat, milk, oil, and water, contribute to a myriad of dishes. Coconut milk and cream add richness to curries, soups, and desserts. Coconut oil is a popular cooking medium, while shredded coconut enhances the texture of baked goods. Fresh coconut water is a refreshing beverage, and coconut flour and sugar provide alternatives for those with dietary preferences. From savory to sweet, the coconut’s culinary applications are vast and celebrated in a variety of traditional and contemporary recipes.

Anandvan Trivia Quiz

Question 1: What is common between Dhonk ( ढोक or धावडा) and Banyan Tree?

Answer: The Dhonk (Button Tree) and Banyan Tree are both found in India and share some interesting similarities:

  • Habitat: Both thrive in hot and dry climates, often found in scrublands and forests.
  • Resilience: Both are known for their durability and ability to withstand harsh conditions like drought and poor soil quality.
  • Cultural Significance: Both hold cultural significance in India, associated with deities and used in religious practices.
  • Indirect Culinary Connection: While not directly consumed, they both indirectly contribute to culinary delights through honey produced by bees feeding on their flowers.

However, key differences exist:

  • Species: Dhonk belongs to the family Combretaceae, while Banyan Tree belongs to Moraceae.
  • Growth Habit: Dhonk is a single-trunked tree, while Banyan Tree is a strangler fig with aerial roots.
  • Leaves: Dhonk has small, round leaves, while Banyan Tree has large, elliptical leaves.
  • Fruits: Dhonk has button-shaped fruits, while Banyan Tree has fig-like fruits.

While not identical, both Dhonk and Banyan Tree exhibit resilience and hold cultural significance in the Indian landscape.

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