Burali Wad

Botanical name: Ficus drupacea | Hindi:  | Marathi: बुराली वड


The Burali Wad, also known as the Brown-woolly Fig or Mysore Fig (Ficus drupacea), is a majestic strangler fig reaching up to 30 meters. Its dense canopy boasts large, waxy leaves covered in a unique brown woolly pubescence. Bright yellow to red fleshy fruits (figs) dangle amidst the foliage, attracting birds and other wildlife. This tree’s fascinating lifecycle begins as an epiphyte on another tree, eventually engulfing and absorbing it.

Interesting Facts

Medicine and Wellness
Medicinal Uses: While scientific evidence is limited, traditional medicine utilizes various parts of the Burali Wad. Bark and leaves are used for their potential antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and antidiarrheal properties. Latex may help with skin conditions and wounds. However, caution is crucial due to potential side effects and insufficient research.
Culture and Belief
Cultural & Traditional Significance: Burali Wad holds deep cultural significance in India. In Maharashtra, it’s associated with Lord Shiva and used in religious offerings. Its large canopy provides shade and shelter, often becoming community gathering spots. The tree’s unique strangler nature symbolizes strength and resilience, inspiring awe and respect.
Bees, Butterflies, Birds: 3Bs of healthy environment.
Environmental Impact: Burali Wad plays a crucial role in its ecosystem. Its extensive canopy offers shade, protects soil from erosion, and provides habitat for numerous birds, insects, and animals. The figs attract pollinators like wasps, contributing to biodiversity. This magnificent tree also purifies air and acts as a carbon sink, benefiting the environment.

Anandvan Trivia Quiz

Question 1: Why do bats love me but cats don’t?

Answer: Bats, primarily fruit-eaters, are drawn to the sweet, ripe figs. Their excellent eyesight and echolocation help them navigate the dense canopy to locate these tasty treats. Conversely, cats, being obligate carnivores, have no interest in the fruit. Their keen sense of smell might even be deterred by the Burali Wad’s milky latex, a potential irritant. Additionally, the tree’s rough bark and hidden nooks offer poor climbing opportunities for cats, making hunting prey there impractical.

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