Botanical name: Biancaea sappan | Hindi: पत्रंग | Marathi: पतंग | English: Sappanwood

Patrang, Sappanwood


The Sappanwood tree (Caesalpinia sappan) is a deciduous tree with compound leaves, thorny branches, and small yellow flowers. Native to Southeast Asia, it reaches up to 15 meters in height. The heartwood yields a distinctive red dye known as “Sappanwood.”

Interesting Facts

Medicine and Wellness
Medicinal Uses: Sappanwood is used in traditional medicine for its anti-inflammatory properties. It is believed to have potential benefits for blood circulation, promoting heart health, and addressing various ailments, including skin conditions.
  1. People suffering from acne, breakouts and skin issues can wash their face with Sappan wood-induced water and dry their face with a soft cloth. The red-pigmented Brazilein found in Sappan wood extracts is great for your skin.
  2. Sappanwood is helpful as anti-epileptic.
  3. Sappanwood infused water is believed to be beneficial for heart patients.
  4. Its has anti-allergic properties, it’s consumption can help treat different allergies.
  5. The plant is used as one of the ingredients of indigenous drug ‘Lukol’, which is administered for the treatment of non-specific leucorrhoea and for bleeding following intra uterine device insertion.
Culture and Belief
Culture and Tradition: In various cultures, Sappanwood is revered for its red dye used in textiles. It holds cultural significance in traditional ceremonies and is linked to historical trade routes. In south Indian states, water infused with sappanwood using chips of it’s heartwood is served during summers. 
Bees, Butterflies, Birds: 3Bs of healthy environment.
Environmental Impact: Sappanwood contributes to biodiversity, providing habitat and sustenance for various insects and birds. Its sustainable cultivation for dye extraction supports local economies and traditional practices, fostering environmental conservation. It’s golden yellow flowers are cross-pollinated by bees, butterflies and insects.

Anandvan Trivia Quiz

Question 1: What will a Keralite serve to Barbie in summers?
Answer: “Pathimugham water”, a pink colored herbal preparation made using heartwood of sappanwood, is commonly served in Kerela and other south Indian states as a summer time drink. It is believed to have cooling effect on the body and considered beneficial for health.

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