Botanical name: Aegle marmelos | Hindi: बेल पत्र | Marathi: बेल पत्र | English Name: Bilva Tree


The Bilva tree, also known as बेल पत्र (Bel Patra) and scientifically as Aegle marmelos, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree reaching up to 15-20 meters tall. Its smooth, grey bark peels in flakes, revealing a yellowish inner layer. The distinctive feature lies in its leaves – trifoliate with each leaflet resembling a teardrop, symbolizing the three eyes of Lord Shiva in Hindu mythology. During spring, fragrant, white flowers bloom in clusters, later developing into large, hard-shelled fruits with yellowish-green pulp. The Bilva tree thrives in diverse climates, adapting well to both humid and dry conditions.

Interesting Facts

Medicine and Wellness
Medicinal Uses:

Traditional medicine utilizes various parts of the Bilva tree for their potential health benefits. However, scientific evidence supporting these uses is limited, and consulting a healthcare professional is crucial before using any part of the plant medicinally. Some traditional uses include:

  • Digestive issues: Leaf and bark extracts are used to manage diarrhea, dysentery, and ulcers.
  • Respiratory problems: Leaf decoctions are used for cough, asthma, and bronchitis.
  • Skin conditions: Leaf paste is applied topically for wounds, burns, and skin infections.
  • Diabetes: Fruit pulp is used in traditional remedies for blood sugar management.
Bees, Butterflies, Birds: 3Bs of healthy environment.
Environmental Impact: The Bilva tree plays a vital role in its ecosystem. Its strong root system prevents soil erosion and provides shelter for diverse wildlife. The dense foliage offers shade and reduces air temperature, contributing to a healthy environment. The tree attracts pollinators like bees and butterflies, promoting biodiversity. Additionally, the leaves decompose to enrich the soil with nutrients, benefiting surrounding plant life.

Anandvan Trivia Quiz

Question 1: Did you know that the Bilva tree can survive for centuries and even withstand wildfires?

Answer:The Bilva tree possesses a thick, fire-resistant bark and a deep root system that allows it to access water even during droughts. This resilience has earned it the nickname “Rudraksha” (meaning “eyes of Shiva”), symbolizing its strength and endurance.

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