Botanical: Terminalia Bellirica | Hindi: बहेड़ा| Marathi: बेहडा|English: Beleric myrobalan
AboutBaheda, scientifically known as Terminalia bellirica, is a tree indigenous to the Indian subcontinent and a prominent component in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. This large deciduous tree features a straight trunk and a pyramidal crown, with elliptic leaves clustered toward the branch ends. The fruit of Baheda is a drupe, characterized by an ovoid or ellipsoid shape with a smooth, woody shell enclosing a yellowish pulp. Known for its therapeutic properties, Baheda has been employed for centuries in Ayurveda, particularly as one-third of the Triphala formulation alongside Haritaki and Amla. In traditional medicine, Baheda is believed to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties, making it a remedy for respiratory and digestive issues. Its application extends to the production of herbal formulations, with Triphala revered for its potential to balance doshas and promote overall well-being. Furthermore, Baheda’s seed oil finds use in industries producing soaps and hair oils. While deeply rooted in traditional practices, it is advisable to seek professional advice before incorporating Baheda or related remedies into one’s health regimen.
Medicinal Uses: Baheda, or Terminalia bellirica, is valued in Ayurveda for respiratory relief, digestive support, and antioxidant benefits. Its anti-inflammatory properties make it useful for various conditions. Baheda is also considered a liver tonic, rejuvenating agent, and is employed in hair care. Consultation with a healthcare professional is recommended before use.
Culture and Tradition: The tree is believed to be the abode of “Lord Shani” and planted in the premises of Shaneeshwara temples all over South India.
Anandvan Trivia QuizQuestion 1: Which famous Ayurvedic powder has Baheda as one of its 3 essential ingredients?
Answer: Baheda (Terminalia Bellirica) is one of the three essential ingredients in Triphala, a widely used Ayurvedic powder. Triphala is a combination of three fruits: Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Amla (Emblica officinalis), and Baheda. This herbal formulation is renowned in Ayurveda for its potential health benefits, including digestive support, antioxidant properties, and overall well-being