Botanical name: Cassia fistula | Hindi: अमलतास | Marathi: बहावा | English: Golden shower tree Plant (Indian laburnum)


The Golden Shower Tree, also known as the Indian Laburnum, is a stunning tropical tree native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. It is a member of the Fabaceae family, which includes legumes like beans and peas. The tree can grow up to 20 meters tall and has a wide, spreading canopy. Its leaves are compound, with several small, elliptical leaflets.

The most striking feature of the Golden Shower Tree is its flowers. They bloom in large, showy clusters that hang down from the branches like golden chains. Each flower is bright yellow, with five petals and long, stamen. The flowers have a sweet, honey-like fragrance that attracts bees and butterflies.

After the flowers fade, they are replaced by long, brown pods that can grow up to 60 cm in length. These pods contain several flat, brown seeds. The pods split open when they are ripe, releasing the seeds to the ground.

Interesting Facts

Medicine and Wellness
Medicinal Uses:
  • In Ayurvedic medicine, the Golden Shower Tree is known as “aragvadha,” meaning “disease killer.”
  • The fruit pulp is considered a purgative, but self-medication is strongly advised against.
  • While it has been used in herbalism for centuries, there is limited modern research on its effectiveness.
  • Some modern mass-produced herbal laxatives contain Cassia fistula as an ingredient.
  • Traditionally, a paste made from the flowers has been used as an ointment for pimples.
Culture and Belief
Culture & Tradition:
  • The Golden Shower Tree is the official state flower of Kerala, India.
  • It is considered a sacred tree in Hinduism and Buddhism, and its flowers are often used in religious ceremonies.
  • The wood is used for making furniture, cabinets, and other items.
  • In some cultures, the leaves are used as a source of green dye.
  • The tree is also a popular ornamental plant due to its beautiful flowers.
Bees, Butterflies, Birds: 3Bs of healthy environment.
Environmental Impact:
  • The Golden Shower Tree is a nitrogen-fixing tree, which means it helps to improve soil fertility.
  • It also provides shade and shelter for wildlife.
  • The tree is relatively drought-resistant and can help to prevent soil erosion.
  • It is a beautiful addition to any landscape and can help to improve air quality.

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