Botanical: Mangifera indica | Hindi: आम| Marathi: आंबा | English: Mango
AboutMango, known as “आंबा” (Aamba) in Marathi, is a tropical fruit that holds a special place in the hearts of many due to its sweet and succulent taste. Belonging to the genus Mangifera, the mango tree bears this delicious fruit, which is renowned for its vibrant color, enticing aroma, and rich flavor. The mango is not just a fruit; it is a cultural icon in many countries, symbolizing summer and abundance. In India, especially, the mango is often referred to as the “King of Fruits.” There are numerous varieties of mangoes, each with its unique taste, texture, and size. From the popular Alphonso and Kesar to the local varieties like Banganapalli and Dasheri, mangoes come in a diverse range. Apart from being enjoyed fresh, mangoes find their way into various culinary creations, including desserts, chutneys, juices, and pickles. The mango season, eagerly awaited by many, brings with it a burst of flavors and a sense of celebration, making it a truly beloved fruit.
Medicinal Uses: Mango, besides its delightful taste, offers medicinal benefits. Rich in vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, it boosts immunity and aids digestion. The enzymes in mangoes support gut health, while its anti-inflammatory properties may alleviate certain conditions. Consuming mangoes in moderation as part of a balanced diet contributes to overall well-being.
Culture and Tradition: Mango leaves are used in traditional ceremonies and decorations during festivals and weddings in Indian culture. Giving and receiving mangoes as gifts is a gesture of goodwill and friendship in several traditions. The mango tree is considered sacred in certain cultures, representing fertility and abundance. Mango motifs and symbolism are prevalent in art, literature, and religious scriptures across various cultures.
Environmental Impact: Mango cultivation exerts positive environmental impacts by contributing to biodiversity and carbon sequestration. Mango trees enhance soil health and provide shade, fostering a healthier ecosystem. Additionally, sustainable farming practices, such as agroforestry and organic cultivation, can further mitigate environmental impacts, promoting a harmonious relationship between agriculture and nature.
Food & Culinary usage: Who does not know about myriad ways to consume the King of Fruits:
- Mangoes are consumed fresh as a tropical fruit, enjoyed for their sweet and juicy flesh.
- They are used in fruit salads, providing a burst of flavor and vibrant color.
- Mangoes are blended into smoothies or milkshakes for a refreshing and creamy beverage. Mango shake and Mango Lassi is a yummy way to relish it’s heavenly flavor.
- Mango slices are incorporated into desserts, such as ice creams, sorbets, and puddings.
- Green or unripe mangoes are pickled, creating tangy and spicy condiments.
- Mango puree or chutney is used as a side dish or accompaniment to savory dishes in various cuisines.
- Powder of dried mango flesh called “Aamchur” is extensively used in flavoring Indian dishes.
Anandvan Trivia QuizQuestion 1: Which country has Mango tree as its National Tree?
Answer: Mango (Mangifera Indica) is the national tree of Bangladesh. If you thought it was India, sorry you got it wrong. India’s national tree is “The Banyan tree”. Mango is the national fruit of India. It is also the national fruit of Pakistan and the Philippines.